Meaning of Flowers


Photo by Tori Rogers, Meaning of Flowers


ABUTILON Meditation


ACACIA (Rose or white) Elegance, friendship 


ACACIA (yellow) Secret love


ACANTHUS Artifice, fine arts


ACHILLEA  War


ACONITE Lustre, misanthropy


ADDER’S-TONGUE Jealousy


ADONIS Sad  memories


AGRIMONY Gratitude


ALLSPICE Compassion


ALMOND (common)  Indiscretion, perfidy


ALOE grief, misplaced devotion, religious superstition 


ALSTOREMERIA Devotion


ALTHEA Consumed by love


ALYSSYM (sweet)  Excellence beyond beauty, exemplary modesty


AMARANTH (coxcomb) Affectation,  pretension


AMARANTH (globe) Constant, unchangeable


AMARANTH Foppery,  immortality, pretension


AMARYLLIS Beautiful, timid, proud


AMBROSIA Love  returned


ANEMONE Fading hope


ANGELICA Inspiration, magic


APOCYNUM  Falsehood, figment, I doubt you


APPLE-BLOSSOM Preference


ARBORVITAE  (American) immortality


ARBORVITAE I never change, live for me


ARBUTUS  You only do I love


ASCLEPIAS Sorrowful remembrance


ASH Prudence, with me  you are safe


ASMINE (night-blooming) Love’s vigil


ASPEN Excess of  sensibility, fear


ASPHODEL Memorial sorrow, my regrets follow you to the grave


ASTER (China) Afterthoughts, love of variety


AURICULA (scarlet)  Pride


AURICULA Painting, wealth is not always happiness


AZALEA  Moderation, temperance, your blush has won me


BABY’S BREATH= Everlasting  love, innocence


BACHELOR’S BUTTON Devotion, hope, love, celibacy, delicacy 


BALM Social intercourse, sympathy


BALSAM Impatience


BARBERRY  Sharpness of temper


BASIL Hatred


BAY-LEAF I change but in death 


BABY’S BREATH Pure of heart


BAYBERRY Discipline, instruction


BEGONIA  Deformity


BELLFLOWER Constancy, gratitude, I wish to speak to you 


BELLWORT Hopelessness


BETONY Surprise


BILBERRY Treachery 


BITTERSWEET Truth, platonic love


BLACKTHORN Difficulty


BLUEBELL  Constancy, sorrowful regret


BLUEBOTTLE Delicacy


BLUETS Contentment 


BORAGE Bluntness, talent


BRAMBLE Holiness, remorse


BROOM Humility,  neatness


BRYONY Prosperity


BURDOCK Importunity


BUTTERCUP Riches 


BUTTERFLY-WEED Let me go


CACTUS Grandeur, warmth


CALLA LILY  Magnificent beauty


CALYCANTHUS Benevolence


CAMELLIA (Red) Unpretending  excellence, innate warmth, alas my poor heart


CAMELLIA (White) Perfected  loveliness, without blemish


CHAMOMILE Energy in adversity


CANDYTUFT  Indifference


CANTERBURY BELLS Gratitude, acknowledgment, obligation 


CARDINAL-FLOWER Distinction


CARNATION Fidelity, pure love


CARNATION  (PINK) Woman’s love, boldness


CARNATION (RED) Love


CARNATION (WHITE)=  Talent


CATALPA Beware of the coquette


CATCHFLY Pretended love, snare,  unchanging friendship


CATTLEYA Matronly grace, mature charms


CEDAR I  live but for thee, think of me


CELANDINE Joys to come


CENTAURY Delicacy 


CEREUS (night-blooming) Transient beauty


CHERRY-BLOSSOM Spiritual beauty 


CHESTNUT-BLOSSOM Do me justice


CHICKWEED Give an account of yourself,  rendezvous


CHICORY Frugality


CHRYSANTHEMUM or MUM- Wealth, abundance,  truth


CHRYSANTHEMUM (Chinese) Loveliness and cheerfulness


CHRYSANTHEMUM  (red) I love 


CHRYSANTHEMUM (white) Truth


CINERARIA Always delighted 


CISTUS Popular favor


CITRON natured beauty


CLEMATIS (evergreen)  Poverty


CLEMATIS Mental Beauty


CLIANTHUS -Self-seeking, worldliness 


CLOTBUR Rudeness


CLOVER (four-leafed) Be mine


CLOVER (white) Think  of me


CLOVES Dignity


COBAEA Gossip


COLTSFOOT Justice shall be done 


COLUMBINE Folly


CONVOLVULUS Uncertainty


CORCHORUS Return quickly


COREOPSIS Always cheerful


CORIANDER Hidden worth


CORN-BLOSSOM Riches 


CORN-COCKLE Peerless and proud


CORNEL Success crowned you


CORNFLOWER  Delicacy, refinement


COWSLIP Comeliness, winning grace, you are my divinity 


COXCOMB Foppery


CRABAPPLE-BLOSSOM Irritability


CRANBERRY Cure for  heartache


CREEPING CEREUS Modest genius


CRESS Power, stability 


CROCUS Abuse not, gladness, mirth, cheerfulness 


CROWFOOT Ingratitude 


CROWN IMPERIAL Arrogance, majesty, pride of birth


CURRANT Your frown  will destroy me


CUSCUTA Meanness


CYCLAMEN Diffidence


CYPRESS  Despair, mourning


DAFFODIL Deceitful, hope, unrequited love, regard 


DAHLIA Elegance and dignity, forever thine


DAISY (coloured) Beauty 


DAISY (Michaelmas) Farewell


DAISY (white wild) I will think of it 


DAISY Innocence, share your feelings


DANDELION Coquetry, love’s oracle 


DAPHNE Fame, glory


DARNEL Vice


DELPHINIUM  Swiftness, lightness 


DEW-PLANT Serenade


DIOSMA Your simple elegance charms me


DITTANY OF  CRETE (white) Passion


DOCK Patience


DODDER OF THYME Baseness


DOGBANE  Falsehood


DOGROSE Pleasure


DOGWOOD Forgetfulness, love undiminished by,  duration 


EGLANTINE Genius, I wound to heal, poetry, talent


ELDER  Compassion, zealousness


ENDIVE Frugality


ESCHSCHOLTZIA Do not refuse me 


EUPATORIUM Delay


EYEBRIGHT Cheer up F


ENNEL Strength, worthy of  praise


FERN Fascination, magic, sincerity


FIG Argument, I keep my secret 


FILBERT Reconciliation


FIR Time


FLAX Domestic industry, fate, I feel  your kindness


FLEUR-DE-LIS Message


FLOWER-OF-AN-HOUR Delicate beauty 


FLOWERING ALMOND Hope


FORGET-ME-NOT Constancy, true love, remember me 


FOUR-LEAFED CLOVER Be mine


FOUR-O’CLOCK Timidity


FOXGLOVE  Insincerity, stateliness, youth


FOXTAIL GRASS Sporting


FREESIA   Innocence


FUCHSIA Confiding love 


FUMITORY Spleen


FURZE Anger, love  for all occasions


GARDEN DAISY Share your sentiments


GARDENIA  Refinement, purity, joy


GENTIAN (closed) Sweet be thy dreams


GENTIAN  (fringed) I look to heaven


GERANIUM (dark) Melancholy


GERANIUM (fish)  Disappointed expectation


GERANIUM (horseshoe) Stupidity


GERANIUM (Ivy)  Favour


GERANIUM (lemon) Unexpected meeting


GERANIUM (nutmeg) Expected  meeting


GERANIUM (oak) True friendship


GERANIUM (pencilled) Ingenuity, 


GERANIUM (rose) Preference


GERANIUM (scarlet) Comforting, consolation 


GERANIUM (silver leafed) Recall


GERANIUM (wild) Steadfast piety 


GERANIUM Gentility, peaceful mind, true friendship


GILLYFLOWER Bonds of  affection, lasting beauty, she is fair


GLADIOLUS Ready-armed


GOLDENROD  Encouragement, precaution


GOOSEBERRY Anticipation


GRANDIFLORA  High-souled


GRAPE (wild) Charity, mirth


GRASS Submission


HANDFLOWER  Warning


HAREBELL Grief, submission


HARLEQUIN Laugh at trouble 


HAWKWEED Quick-sighted


HAWTHORN Hope


HAZEL Reconciliation, heart is  agitated


HEARTSEASE Modesty, pleasant thoughts, think of me


HEATH  Solitude


HELENIUM, Tears


HELIOTROPE Devotion, eagerness, intoxicated  with joy


HELLEBORE Calumny, scandal, calming


HEMLOCK You will cause my  death


HEMP Fate


HIBISCUS Delicate beauty


HOLLY Am I forgotten?,  domestic happiness, foresight


HOLLYHOCK Ambition, fruitfulness 


HONEY-FLOWER Love sweet and secret


HONEYSUCKLE (coral) Fidelity,  generous and devoted love, affection


HONEYSUCKLE Bonds of love


HOP  Injustice,


HORNBEAM Ornament


HORSE-CHESTNUT Luxury


HOUSELEEK  Domestic industry, vivacity


HOUSTONIA Contentment


HYACINTH (purple)  Jealousy, sorrow


HYACINTH (white) Modest loveliness


HYACINTH Constancy,  sport and play 


HYDRANGEA Boaster, heartlessness


HYSSOP Cleanliness 


ICE-PLANT Old Beau, rejected, your looks freeze me


IRIS (German) Aflame,  I burn adversity


IRIS Message, my compliments, eloquence, a message of  faith, wisdom


IVY Fidelity, friendship, marriage, wedded love 


JACOB’S-LADDER come down


JASMINE (cape) I am too happy


JASMINE  (Carolina) Separation


JASMINE (Indian) Attraction, I attach myself to you


JASMINE (PINK) I attach myself to you


JASMINE (Spanish) Sensuality 


JASMINE (white) Amiability


JASMINE (yellow) Grace and elegance 


JASMINE I am too happy


JONQUIL Can you return my love?, I desire a  return of your affection


JUDAS-TREE Betrayal, unbelief


KINGCUP Riches 


LABURNUM Forsaken, pensive beauty


LADY’S MANTLE  Comfort 


LADY’S  SLIPPER Capricious beauty, win and wear me


LADY’S SMOCK Ardor


LADY’S  THIMBLE Grief, submission


LADY’S-TRESSES Bewitching grace


LANTANA I am  unyielding


LAPAGERIA There is no unalloyed good


LARCH Audacity,  boldness.


LARKSPUR (pink) Fickleness


LARKSPUR (Purple) Haughtiness 


LAUREL (ground) Perseverance, token


LAUREL (mountain) Ambition 


LAUREL Perfidy, treachery


LAURESTINE I die if neglected


LAVENDER  Acknowledgment, distrust failure


LEAVES (dead) Sadness


LEMON Discretion 


LETTUCE Cold-hearted


LICHEN Dejection, refusal, solitude


LILAC  (purple) Fastidiousness, first love, first emotions of love


LILAC (white)  Youthful innocence


LILY (water) Purity of heart


LILY (calla) Maiden  modesty, beauty


LILY (day) Coquetry


LILY (frog) Disgust LILY (tiger) I  dare you to love me


LILY (white) Purity and sweetness


LILY (yellow)  Coquetry, falsehood, flirtation


LILY-OF-THE-VALLEY Perfect purity, return of  happiness


LINDEN Conjugal love


LIVE-OAK Liberty


LIVERWORT Confidence 


LOBELIA Arrogance, malevolence


LOCUST Affection beyond the grave,  vicissitude


LONDON-PRIDE Frivolity


LOTUS Estranged love 


LOVE-IN-A-MIST Perplexity


LOVE-LIES Bleeding, hopeless but not heartless 


LUCERNE Life


LUPINE (rose) Fanciful


LUPINE (white) Always happy 


LUPINE Voraciousness


MADDER Backbiting, tranquility


MAGNOLIA (swamp)  Perseverance


MAGNOLIA Benevolence, high-souled, love of nature, magnificence 


MAIZE Riches


MALLOW Mildness


MANCHINEEL Falsehood


MANDRAKE I  wound to soothe


MAPLE Reserve, retirement


MARIGOLD Cruelty in love,  inquietude, jealous lover


MARJORAM Blushes


MARSHMALLOW Beneficence in  consent


MARVEL-OF-PERU Timidity


MEADOW-SAFFRON My best days are past 


MEADOWSWEET Uselessness


MESEMBRYANTHEMUM Idleness


MEZEREON Desire to  please


MIGNONETTE Your qualities surpass your charms


MILFORD War 


MILK-VETCH Your presence softens my pain, comfort


MIMOSA Exquisite,  fastidious


MINT Let us be friends again, virtue


MISTLETOE I surmount difficulties, I want to be kissed, you are a parasite


MOCK-ORANGE  Counterfeit


MONARDA Your whims are unbearable


MONK’S-HOOD Chivalry 


MONKSHEAD Danger is near


MOONFLOWER I only dream of love 


MORNING-BRIDE I have lost all


MORNING-GLORY Affection, departure 


MOSCHATEL Weakness MOSS Ennui


MOSS ROSEBUD Confession of love 


MOTHERWORT Concealed love


MOUNTAIN ASH Prudence


MOURNING-BRIDE  Unfortunate to attachments


MUDWORT Happiness, peace


MULBERRY (black) I  shall not survive you, sadness


MULBERRY (white) Wisdom


MULLEIN Take  courage


MUSK-PLANT Be bolder


MUSTARD I smart, I am hurt


MYRTLE (wax)  Discipline, instruction


MYRTLE Love in absence, love


NANDINA My love  will grow warmer


NARCISSUS Egotism, you love yourself too well 


NASTURTIUM Patriotism


NETTLE Slander, you are spiteful


NIGHTSHADE  Your thoughts are dark


OAK LEAF Hospitality, bravery


OAT I love your  music


OLEANDER Beware


OLIVE Peace


ORANGE-BLOSSOM Chastity, eternal  love, marriage, bridal festivities


ORCHID You are a belle, you flatter me,  beauty, love


ORCHIS (bee) Error, industry


ORCHIS (butterfly) Gaiety 


ORCHIS (fly) Error


OXEYE Be patient


PALM Victory


PANSY Modesty,  pleasant thoughts, think of me, you’re in my thoughts


PARSLEY Useful  knowledge, festivity gaiety


PASQUEFLOWER You have no claims


PASSION  FLOWER Faith, holy love, religious fervour and superstition


PEA  (Everlasting) Appoint a meeting, lasting pleasure


PEACH-BLOSSOM I am your  captive


PEAR-BLOSSOM Not altogether lovely, affections


PENNYROYAL You  had better go


PEONY Anger, indignation, bashfulness, the American spirit of  ambition and determination


PEPPER-FLOWER Satirical thoughts


PEPPERMINT  Warmth of feeling


PERIWINKLE (blue) Early friendship


PERIWINKLE (white)  Harmony, pleasure of memory


PERSICARIA Restoration


PERSIMMON-BLOSSOM  Bury me amid nature’s beauties, I shall surprise you by and by


PETUNIA You  soothe me


PHEASANT’S-EYE I cannot forget you


PHLOX (star-shaped)  Affability, trying to please you, agreements


PHLOX Unanimity


PIMPERNEL  Assignation, change


PINE Pity


PINK (double-red) Ardent love


PINK  (Indian) Always lovely


PINK (mountain) Aspiration


PINK (variegated)  Refusal


PINK (white) Fascination, talent


PLUM (wild) Independence 


PLUM-BLOSSOM Keep your promises, fidelity


PLUMBAGO Holy wishes 


POLYANTHUS Purse-proud


POMEGRANATE BLOSSOM Mature elegance, perfection 


POPPY (red) Consolation


POPPY (scarlet) Fantastic extravagance


POPPY  (variegated) Flirtation, dreaminess


POPPY (white) Forgetfulness 


POTENTILLA I claim your esteem


PRIDE OF CHINA Dissension


PRIMROSE  (evening) Inconstancy, early youth


PRIMROSE (red) Neglected merit 


PRIMROSE Believe me, youth and sadness


PRINCE’S FEATHER I blush for you 


PRIVET Prohibition


PYXIE Life is sweet


QUAKING-GRASS My 


QUAMOCLIT Busybody


QUEEN-OF-THE-MEADOWS Uselessness


QUINCE-BLOSSOM  Temptation


RAGGED-ROBIN Ardor


RANUNCULUS I am dazzled by your charms,  radiant with charms


RASPBERRY-BLOSSOM Remorse


RHODODENDRON Beware, I am  dangerous


ROCKET Rivalry


ROSE (Austrian) You are all that is lovely 


ROSE (bridal) Happy love


ROSE (Burgundy) Unconscious beauty


ROSE  (cabbage) Ambassador of love


ROSE (Carolina) Love is dangerous


ROSE  (China) Beauty always new


ROSE (Damask) Beauty ever new, young and brilliant 


ROSE (deep-red) Admiration, bashful, embarrassment


ROSE (full-blown)  Engagement


ROSE (guelder) Age, winter


ROSE (half-blown) Timid love 


ROSE (Jacqueminot) I am true


ROSE (Japan) Beauty is your only  attraction, illusion


ROSE (marechal niel) Yours, heart and soul


ROSE  (montiflora) Grace


ROSE (moss) Superior, confessions of love


ROSE (musk)  Capricious beauty


ROSE (pink) Ours must be secret love


ROSE (red) Unity,  romantic love


ROSE (rock) Popular favour


ROSE (thornless) Ingratitude 


ROSE (white) I am worthy of your love, silence, innocent love


ROSE  (white, withered) Despair


ROSE (wild) Charming simplicity


ROSE (yellow)  Jealousy, let us forget, love is waning, friendship


ROSE  (York-and-Lancaster) Conflict


ROSE Love, joy, beauty


ROSE-LEAF You may  hope


ROSEBUD (red) Inclined to love, pure and lovely


ROSEBUD (white) Too  young to love


ROSEMARY Remember me, remembrance


RUDBECKIA Impartiality 


RUE Disdain, fertility


SAFFRON Beware of excess pleasures,  voluptuousness, you are perfectly lovely


SAGE Domestic virtues, great  respect


SAINFOIN You confuse me


SALVIA (blue) Wisdom


SALVIA (red)  Untiring energy


SATINFLOWER Fascination


SAXIFRAGE Affection


SCABIOUS  (sweet) Widowhood


SCABIOUS Unfortunate love


SEA-BINDWEED Uncertainty 


SENSITIVE-PLANT Fine sensibility


SENVY I smart


SHAMROCK Loyalty 


SHEPHERD’S PURSE I offer you my all


SMILAX Constancy


SNAPDRAGON No,  presumption


SNOWBALL Bound thoughts of heaven


SNOWDROP Consolation,  friendship in trouble, hope


SORREL (wild) Ill-timed wit


SORREL (wood)  Secret sweetness


SOUTHERNWOOD Bantering, jest


SPEEDWELL Womanly fidelity 


SPIDERFLOWER Not so bad as I seem


SPIDERWORT Esteem but not love


ST.  JOHN’S-WORT Animosity


STAR OF BETHLEHEM Atonement


STARWORT Afterthought 


STEPHANOTIS Happiness in marriage 


STOCK Lasting beauty


STONECROP  Tranquility


STRAW Agreement


SUMAC (dwarf) Adoration


SUMAC I shall  survive the change


SUNFLOWER Short-stemmed sunflowers mean adoration;  long-stemmed sunflowers symbolize haughtiness


SUNFLOWER (large) You are  splendid


SWEET BASIL Good wishes


SWEET-WILLIAM Grant me one smile 


SWEET PEA departure, remember me, delicate pleasures


SWEET VIOLET  Modesty 


SWEET WILLIAM   Sensitivity 


SYRINGA You shall be happy yet 


TAMARISK Crime


TANSY Resistance


TEAZEL Misanthropy


THISTLE  (Scotch) Retaliation


THISTLE Austerity, sternness


THORN-APPLE Delusive  beauty


THRIFT Sympathy


TRILLIUM Modest ambition


TRUMPET-FLOWER Fame 


TUBEROSE Dangerous


TULIP (pink)  Caring 


TULIP (red) Declaration of  love


TULIP (variegated) Enchantment, beautiful eyes 


TULIP (yellow)  Hopeless and perfect love


TULIP TREE BLOSSOM Rural happiness


TURNIP  BLOSSOM Charity


TUSSILAGE You shall have justice


VALERIAN An  accommodating disposition


VENUS’S FLY-TRAP Duplicity


VENUS’S  LOOKING-GLASS Flattery


VERBENA Pray for me, tender and quick emotion 


VERONICA Fidelity


VERVAIN Enchantment, superstition


VIOLET (blue)  Faithfulness, love, loyalty


VIOLET (white) Candour, modesty hope 


VIRGIN’S BOWER Filial love


VIRGINIA CREEPER I cling to you 


WAKE-ROBIN Ardor-zeal


WALLFLOWER Fidelity in misfortune or adversity 


WATER LILY Purity of the heart


WAX-PLANT Susceptibility


WHEAT  Prosperity


WISTARIA Cordial welcome


WITCH-HAZEL Inspiration, Mysticism,  a spell is upon me


WOLFSBANE Misanthropy


WOODBINE Fraternal love 


WORMWOOD Absence


XANTHIUM Pertinacity, rudeness


YARROW Cure for  heartache


ZEPHYRANTHES Expectation


ZINNIA Thoughts of absent  friends

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